Debate on civil society has arisen in the midst of Covid-19 crisis and at the height of political conflict in the ruling Nepal Communist Party (NCP) which does not need to be elaborated here for the obvious reasons. The debate however, once again, is centered on who the ‘civil society’ in Nepal is. The predominant view with regard to civil society is such that it is an independent sphere having capacity to create counterbalance to the state and market (also with the power of the Church in the Christian West few centuries ago) which, in turn, would work to uphold ‘voices of the voiceless’ and facilitate with appropriate agencies in fulfilling their concerns.
When Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) came to power with sweeping majority in May 2014 and again in 2019 India was in upbeat. Many thought this is the first time that an Indian is ruling over India after Prithiviraj Chuhan who was ruling parts of India during the 12th century. Chauhan was considered as the last Hindu monarch of pre-Islamic India.