My Republica

Bhairab Raj Kaini

The contributor for Republica.

How do we achieve sustainable agriculture growth?

Published On: September 23, 2019 12:24 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

Nepal is a food deficit country, importing both cereals and high-value agriculture commodities due mainly to slow agricultural growth rates. The government’s commitment to check the country’s ever widening trade deficit by boosting farm production is difficult to achieve unless implementation is improved.

How to attract young people to farming?

Published On: September 15, 2019 01:00 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

Agriculture needs to be modernized and commercialized to ensure the country’s sustainable food security. This is only possible if we can attract young people to farming.  They bring energy, vitality, and innovation into the farming system.  They prefer to be engaged in high-tech, high-risk and high-returns agri-ventures like protected agriculture, precision farming, floriculture, poultry, and dairy. In the most adverse and risky situations, young people have extraordinary resilience and ability to cope. So they are an ideal catalyst to change the poor image of Nepali agriculture given  their greater possibility to adapt new ideas, concepts and technologies. According to the National Youth Policy 2015, youths are described those between the ages 16-40. Approximately 40 percent of the total population of Nepal falls under this category. This situation can serve as a demographic strength for Nepali agriculture.

Governing agriculture

Published On: August 28, 2019 01:00 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

We need to make agriculture governance system effective through the backup of strong organizational set-up and human resources

Restructuring agriculture project

Published On: August 8, 2019 01:30 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

While restructuring Prime Minister Agriculture Modernization Project, due consideration should be given in selecting an appropriate organization for its implementation

On plantation campaign

Published On: July 18, 2019 01:00 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

Fruit tree plantation is good and necessary initiative for Nepal but we cannot achieve it within a single year. We at least need three years

Think beyond planning

Published On: July 1, 2019 09:49 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

It is more than six decades since Nepal started planning process for development. In six decades, nine five-year plans and five three-year plans have been implemented. In case of agriculture, the first long term plan (Agriculture Perspective Plan) was implemented from 1995 to 2015 and the second one (Agriculture Development Strategy) is at its third year of implementation.

Erratic pattern

Published On: June 16, 2019 02:00 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

Agriculture in Nepal is suffering from years of under-investment, limited research, scant inputs and lack of technology and services for farmers

Failing on agro-trade

Published On: June 2, 2019 01:00 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

A key priority in Nepal’s effort to expanding agriculture exports should be improve quality of its products by developing standards in line with standards developed by international bodies

Road to commercialization

Published On: May 14, 2019 01:30 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

If Nepal is to speed-up agricultural commercialization process for both import substitution and export promotion, there is no better way than consolidation of farm lands

Farmers to entrepreneurs

Published On: May 2, 2019 01:00 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

Unless Nepali farmers become entrepreneurs, commercial agriculture will not be sustainable in Nepal

Post-summit challenges

Published On: April 16, 2019 01:05 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is an effective instrument for promoting sustainable development in Least Developed Countries (LDCs) like Nepal. Realizing this fact, the government of Nepal has organized three investment summits so far. First was in 1992 following the restoration of democracy. The investors attending the summit had pledged investment of approximately $100 million, but only around 25 percent of the pledged amount was realized.

Reducing food loss

Published On: April 2, 2019 01:00 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

Nepal lacks specific policy to address food loss. Most programs focus on boosting agricultural production and increasing farm productivity

Commission of inaction

Published On: February 27, 2019 01:00 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

Two years after National Farmers’ Commission started to work, people are asking why we need such commission when it cannot make necessary policy interventions

Making agriculture smart

Published On: February 3, 2019 01:00 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

If we are to make smart agriculture program successful, we first need to make our agriculture institutions smart

Raising the yield

Published On: January 10, 2019 01:00 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

Raising yields on existing farmland is the only way forward for high and sustainable agricultural growth

Mechanization challenges

Published On: December 16, 2018 12:25 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

Inconsistent government policies, inaccessibility of credit in remote areas and scarcity of machinery are among the major challenges of agriculture mechanization

Revolutionizing agriculture

Published On: November 29, 2018 01:00 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

Nepal aims to achieve a double-digit growth in the next five years. But this won’t be possible without agricultural revolution

Flowers and fruits of Tihar

Published On: November 6, 2018 12:30 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

Tihar is at the doorstep. It is the second biggest Nepali festival after Dashain. Crow is worshipped on Kaag Tihar, the first of the five-day-long festival. Dogs get special treatment on the second day, called Kukur Tihar. On the third day (Gai Tihar), people show their appreciation to cow by garlanding and feeding them. In the evening, Laxmi, the goddess of wealth, is worshiped by lighting oil lamps (Diyo).

Hurdles in horticulture

Published On: October 25, 2018 01:30 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

If Nepal is to benefit from World Trade Organization, it must make horticultural products competitive by removing all the constraints

Why agriculture programs fail

Published On: September 26, 2018 01:00 AM NPT By: Bhairab Raj Kaini

If we do not ensure effective implementation, even the best of agriculture programs fail. Government needs to assess implementability of new projects beforehand