Blockade created favorable climate for unscrupulous traders to do more transactions off the official radar
The recent unofficial Indian blockade had a debilitating effect on Nepali economy already crippled by poor growth in manufacturing and agriculture, high inflation, never-ending blackouts and low infrastructure investment. Illegal trading activities grew not only in border towns, but also in urban areas where demand for essential goods is relatively high.
The argument that the Himalayas offer the best defense against China is contradicted by rapid expansion of Chinese rail lines in Tibetan plateau
A few weeks ago I was talking to a New Delhi-based Nepali academic who has closely followed recent Nepal-India engagements.