U.S. impeachment process

Published On: November 3, 2019 12:00 AM NPT By: Republica  | @RepublicaNepal

The U.S. Constitution permits Congress to remove a president before his or her term is up if enough senators vote to say that they committed “treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanours.” Article Two, Section 4 of the Constitution gives the House of Representatives the sole power to impeach a federal official, including the president. On October 31 the House voted to approve and proceed with its impeachment inquiry. The resolution, passed on a mostly party-line 232-196 vote, sends a clear signal that a vote to impeach President Donald Trump, and a trial in the Senate, is all but inevitable. 

A two-thirds majority in the Senate is required to convict and remove a president from office -- which has never successfully happened. While the Constitution sets out that if the House impeaches an official, the next step is for the Senate to hold a trial, there is no precise enforcement mechanism. 

Article One of the Constitution stipulates that the Chief Justice of Supreme Court -- currently John Roberts -- should preside over any Senate trial. 

Trump becomes just the fourth president to be subject to a formal impeachment effort.

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