According to the World Trade Organization (WTO), trade disputes are common and they can arise when a government believes that another government has violated an agreement or commitment made in the WTO. The WTO has endeavored to end such disputes and out of 500 brought since 1995, 350 rulings have been issued.
As of April 2018, China was involved in 55 cases, both as complainant and as respondent. It has the most of them with the United States where 55 were brought against it while it was the complainant in 10 cases. It had the second-highest number of disputes with the EU (13) while it had 4 with Mexico, all of which were brought against it.