KATHMANDU, Dec 8: The final results of the elections held on November 20 have been announced. Nepali Congress has become the biggest party by winning the highest number of seats in the direct and proportional elections.
While there is curiosity about who will form the coalition government at the center, there is an equal importance and curiosity about who will form the provincial governments. The CPN-UML has got the highest number of seats in the proportional representation and provincial assembly.
Under the proportional elections, the UML has won 104 seats including 70 in the provincial assemblies. UML also got 34 seats in the proportional elections to the House of Representatives. The Nepali Congress, which is in second place, has 32 seats in the House of Representatives and 64 seats in the provincial assemblies under proportional elections. CPN (Maoist Center) won 14 seats in the House of Representatives and 29 seats in the provincial assemblies under proportional representation.
Under proportional representation, the UML got 15 seats in Province 1, eight in Madhesh Province, 14 in Bagmati, 10 in Gandaki, 11 in Lumbini, five in Karnali and seven in Far Western Province. Similarly, the Nepali Congress has won 12 seats in Province 1, nine in Madhesh Province, 12 in Bagmati, nine in Gandaki, 10 in Lumbini, five in Karnali and seven in Far West. Similarly, CPN (Maoist Center) got four seats in Province 1, four in Madhesh Province, seven in Bagmati, three in Gandaki, four in Lumbini, four in Karnali and three seats in Far West. Similarly, the Rastriya Prajatantra Party got four seats in Province 1, one in Madhesh Province, six in Bagmati, two in Gandaki, two in Lumbini, one in Karnali, one in Far West - a total of 17 seats in the provincial assemblies under proportional representation. Similarly, the CPN (Unified Socialist) won nine seats, Nepal Workers and Peasants Party two seats, Janata Samajwadi Party nine seats, Janamat Party nine, Democratic Socialist Party three, Nepal Federal Socialist one, Nagarik Unmukti Party five, Rastriya Janamorcha one, Hamro Nepali Party one seat in the provincial assemblies under proportional representation.
When it comes to the provincial assemblies, the members are elected through the direct and proportional election systems like in the federal parliament. Province 1 has 93 members, 56 directly and 37 proportionally elected. In order to be elected as a member of a provincial assembly, the parties must have a minimum vote share of 1.5 percent of the total votes. But sometimes, getting 1.5 percent of the votes does not guarantee a seat in the provincial assembly, says Surya Prasad Aryal, assistant spokesperson and information officer of the Election Commission.
He also said that since there are only 37 seats to be filled, those who bring 1.5 percent may not necessarily get seats. He said that the votes received by the parties will be tabulated from these bases and the seats will be distributed as in the proportional election system of the House of Representatives.
After the allotment of seats, as in the House of Representatives, correspondence is sent to the parties according to the number of names submitted by the parties in the proportional closed list, ensuring 33 percent of women. Assistant Spokesperson Aryal said that there is a system to see if the names sent by the parties match/do not match according to the law.