The Nepali federation is still in its infancy. Less than five years from its establishment in the 2015 Constitution and less than three years from elections in 2017 that instated new federal institutions, the transformation of the erstwhile highly centralised, unitary Nepali state into a three-tiered federal system made up of 761 semi-autonomous nodes of power (753 local units, seven provinces, and the federation) remains very much a work in progress.