Cardamom farming: A success story from Kavre

Published On: June 12, 2017 04:45 AM NPT By: Madhusudhan Guragain

KAVRE, June 11: Some years back, locals of Rayale Lamidada, Panauti-1, in Kavrepalanchok district had no choice but to visit nearby bazaar just to buy vegetables. Recalling those days, Upendra Prasad Timilsina, a local farmer said, “In those days vegetables were not grown here and when I told villagers that we can avoid visits to bazaars to buy vegetables if we start growing on our own, they mocked my idea. They did not believe that we could grow vegetables.”

Eventually, Timilsina had to take initiative himself first and prove those who mocked him wrong. Quitting a job in Kirtipur-based Orange Development Project, he returned to his village in 2004 and then started growing vegetables like cucumber, tomato, cauliflower, cabbage, among others. He told others that they too can do the same and shared essential vegetable farming skills to them. That year, for the first time in the village, people started growing tomatoes inside green houses.

“I first started farming vegetables and shared my knowledge with others also. I was especially keen in teaching my villagers because I always wanted to see them become successful. It matters less if my own farms failed, but I had to do everything for ensuring success of those who were learning from me,” he said. To these days, Timilsina is actively engaged with his villagers in sharing knowledge on farming. 

Timilsina always craved for new farming techniques and this craving led him to explore the prospects of cardamom farming. As an experiment he started to grow cardamom in a cliff nearby his vegetable farm. The experiment failed to yield results for five years and it was becoming greatest disappointment for the family. 

“Farming cardamom was a new thing for me. I started it with seeds brought from Ilam district as everyone rated cardamom seeds of Ilam highly. But every time I planted them, they did not grow. It was very discouraging,” he said, adding, “The failures accumulated loans, one after another. I once even contemplated committing suicide after being unable to repay the loans.”

The failure was so intense and debts so high that shopkeepers even refused to provide him a kilogram of sugar on credit. Such moments affected him so bad that Timilsina pledged to become successful no matter what. “Even if it means changing or modifying my ways of farming, I felt a strong urge to succeed. In this struggle against failure, I have been fortunate to get strong the support of my wife Kamala,” he shared.
Timilsina started his recovery phase by cultivating tree tomato (tamarillo), an egg-shaped edible fruit. He also got involved in orange farming. Tamarillo farming spread in the whole village and became a commercial success. Locals also started exporting tamarillo to Kathmandu Valley. At its peak, tamarillo grown there reached as many as 18 districts altogether.

“Tamarillo and orange farming made a combined profit of Rs 100,000 in the early years of initiation. At the same time, I also prepared cardamom’s seeds myself and borrowed insufficient ones from farmers of the villages. Profits from those farming enabled me to repay my loans eventually,” he said. “Since then, I never looked back. Success in the cardamom farming followed.”

District Agriculture Development Office (DADO), Kavre, later started helping the local farmers by providing them with technical help and skills development trainings. “Their help greatly aided in the production and marketing of cardamom plants. Farmers like us achieved more and more success after the help of DADO,” said Timilsina.

He said that demands increased for cardamom’s plant within and outside the district. After realizing the market prospects, Timilsina registered Fulchoki Multi-purpose Model Nursery and started commercially producing its seeds and plants. He proudly shared that he is preparing 400,000 plants for sale this year. “Last year, my firm failed to meet the market demand. The demand for the plants is overwhelming this year as well.”
Likewise, Timilsina’s brother, who has been in foreign employment since the past 18 years, has joined him in cardamom farming. 

The cardamom plants produced by his firm are exported to Ramechhap, Dolakha, Sindhupalchowk, Dhading, Rukum, and many other districts of far western region. If cardamom plants get good fertilization, it bears fruit within 2-3 years, farmers said. 
“At present, demands for seeds is higher than plants. We have been sending seeds to as far as Ilam, Bhojpur, Taplejung and Sankhuwasabha among other districts. We have also formed groups with the villagers in order to meet the ever growing demand of our growing market,” Timilsina informed.

With the returns from cardamom farming, Timilsina has built house in Dhulikhel. His two sons have been undertaking their higher studies in good schools of Banepa. 
“I did not get to study properly. Now as my two sons want to study, I’m fully supporting them. However, we have agreed that they will not go abroad to work. We will go to foreign countries only as tourists to have fun, but we will work in our own farms,” he said.


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