Historically the burden and onus of family planning in centered on women. The burden of using and obtaining contraception has always fallen onto women. Be it the variety of contraceptive methods catering to women, to the state’s family planning initiatives – contraception has seemed to become a woman’s problem. Women have to bear the physical, economical, and mental burden of contraception alone. Men often tend to shrink their responsibility for using contraceptives. But why does this happen and what can be done to create a more equal responsibility for contraception? In this concern, Host Kriti Adhikari and guest, Durga Sapkota National Coordinator of Sangat Nepal, and co-founder of YOSAN talk about the onus of contraception on women. How the responsibility of using a contraceptive is vested on the side of women rather than men.

When it comes to masculinity, society is sending a message that men are acculturated into certain ways of behaving, which can later be toxic for them with unsettling emotions. But the constraint on male behavior that society puts on one male should be bold, should repress emotions, should be dominating, tough, and competitive is simply false. This type of character portrayal of men reinforces harmful stereotypes. In this concern, Episode 5 of Sexploration is all about the discussion on 'Toxic Masculinity', its effects, role of media and social institutions with Satish Karn, President of Yuwa(organization), and Manish Maharjan, Executive Member of Yuwa.

Historically, sex work has been stigmatized and discriminated among most societies. Activists have been advocating for the decriminalization of sex work – the removal of the criminal law and the implementation of a rights-based approach to aspects of sex work claiming that it will make the environment for sex workers safer and also reduce levels of violence and exploitation. In this episode of the podcast 'Sexploration', titled ' Decriminalization of sex work, guest Simran Serchan, a transgender activist of the LGBTIQ community who is a National Program Coordinator at the Federation of Sexual and Gender Minorities-Nepal discusses how would society be if sex work is decriminalized.

Although the practice of Chaupadi has been declared illegal in Nepal since 2005, it is still practiced in many communities. Even today, women and girls have to face restrictions on common modern and educated households. Menstruation is stigmatized and shamed. In episode 3 of sexploration season 2, titled 'Modern Chaupadi', two SRHR youth activists Sijan Gelal and Ashirya Pradhan talk about the origins of restrictions and their impact on a modern day.

There is the conflict between 'pro-life' and 'pro-choice' concerning to abortion rights. This has complicated the reproductive rights discussions with endless contradiction. In this Episode of Sexploration, host Kriti Adhikari and guests Shilpa Lamicchane and Sonam Rai have conversations on opposite sides of a polarizing topic because of circumstantial privilege.Here Shilpa talks on behalf of Pro- Choice and Soman Rai talks about Pro- Life.

There is a huge public debate on CSE (Comprehensive Sex Education),the materials and curriculum for students for sex education being considered insufficient and inadequate. Lack of knowledge about sexual and reproductive health and low access to sexual health services have forced young people to engage in unsafe sexual practices in Nepal. In academic institutions, the components of sexuality education have sparked considerable debate, such as teaching approach and content covered. And due to inadequate sexual and reproductive health knowledge, adolescents are at considerable risk of negative health outcomes such as early pregnancy, unsafe abortions, sexually transmitted diseases, HIV, sexual problems, abuse, and violence.

The cause of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and its effects are multifold. In many parts of the country, low education, prior exposure to parental partner violence during one's childhood, and husband's alcohol abuse have been shown to be associated with the risk of IPV. Similarly, traditional gender norms reinforce aggression and dominance and increase acceptance of partner violence. Our religious grounds, morality, and social norms around masculinity, femininity, male guardianship, and patriarchy, it has a strong influence on acceptance and normalization in the means of controlling women or correcting the behavior of one's partner. Those thoughts of inferiority and traditional mentality also act as a barrier even to the educated personnel.

Sex is considered an important aspect of every person's life. Therefore, everyone has the right to information about sex and reproduction. Although society is evolving, the issue of sex is still not debated openly. In fact, experts have been saying that if sex is understood correctly, it will bring various benefits such as relieving stress and provide energy to the body. In this concern, episode five of exploration hosted by Nishma Choudhary with guest Anugya Kunwar, a SRHR advocate had a fun and descriptive discussion on Sex, Pleasure Sex and importance of Foreplay for all the genders.

"People do not think that a disabled child/person can also be identified as a queer person and people are not fully aware of the intersectionality between gender and sexuality," said Safal Lama, a non-binary disabled queer person who is a co-member of Queer Youth Group. In the fourth episode of sexploration, the host of the episode Kriti Adhikari had a question answer session with Safal Lama, also an advocate and activist of queer disability rights and Rubina Tamang, President of Cruise Aids Nepal who identifies herself as a transgender woman.

Leaders of gender and sexual minorities have been enforcing upon the removal of the bill which states that citizenship can be obtained with gender identity by changing one's gender, on the condition that the provision of medical report as proof is mandatory. In this issue, the third episode of sexploration explores the importance of gender markers with Bhumika Shrestha, a third gender LGBTIQ rights activist.

“In comparison to the laws against sexual violation globally, Nepal’s law has been considered weak,” said Subin Mulmi, an activist and advocate, in the first episode of a podcast ‘Sexploration’ which was released on May 27, 2022. The topic of episode 1 of the podcast was based on Rape, Statutory Rape, Marital Rape and Consent where Kriti Adhikari hosted the program attended by the guest Subin Mulmi, who is also a human rights lawyer and researcher. Sexploration is a podcast organized by Radio Nagarik 96.5 that aims to explore the issues of sexual and reproductive health  rights.