In this photo provided by Global IME Bank, Minister for Finance Yuba Raj Khatiwada (right) is seen addressing the inauguration ceremony for integrated operations of Global IME Bank following its merger with Janata Bank Ltd in Kamaladi, Kathmandu, on Friday. Following the merger, Global IME Bank has a paid-up capital of Rs 19 billion, deposits of Rs 213 billion, and loans of Rs 194 billion. It now runs over 300 branch offices, 259 ATMs, 33 extension counters, and 243 branchless banking points. Chandra Prasad Dhakal will continue as the chairman of Global IME Bank Ltd while Parshuram Kunwar Chhetri, who was the CEO of Janata Bank, has taken over as the CEO of the merged entity. Photo: Global IME Bank handout/Republica
KATHMANDU, Dec 7: After completing the process of merger with Janata Bank Ltd, Global IME Bank Ltd has emerged as the biggest bank in terms of key financial indicators including capital, deposits and assets (loans).
The biggest merger in the banking sector, which began five months ago, is likely to put pressure on other commercial banks to seek merger partners also. While most banks have already submitted written commitments for merger to Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB), they have not made any breakthrough in finding a partner.
Earlier in June, NRB had sought merger commitments from banks. The monetary policy for the current fiscal year 2019/20 introduced a number of incentives, such as relaxation of the interest rate spread cap for those pursuing mergers. None of these banks has been able to make any progress in going for a merger other than a commitment to do so if they find a right partner.
However, the merger of Global IME Bank with Janata Bank will give an impetus to the central bank’s consolidation initiative. Other commercial banks will be under merger pressure not only from the central bank but also from the market as they will have to compete with an enlarged institution with wider capabilities.
NRB officials are also upbeat over the mega merger which, they believe, would make their own work easier.
“The integration of these two institutions is a milestone in the consolidation process of the banking sector as those banks that cannot withstand the pressure of market competition must now find a partner for merger,” said Laxmi Prapanna Niraula, an executive director at NRB.
“Either you enhance your capacity to face the competition or shut down,” he said. For some experts, this merger could reshape the dynamics of the banking industry.
The bigger players, particularly Nepal Investment Bank Ltd (NIBL) and Nabil Bank Ltd, will face a challenge maintaining profitability while competing with Global IME Bank, which has now risen to their level. For other ‘small banks’, the challenge will be one of ‘survival’.
“Smaller banks will have to increase their size and their capital to compete in a market dominated by bigger banks,” said Anal Raj Bhattarai, a former banking executive.
While terming the merger of Global IME and Janata Bank as very positive, Nabil Bank Ltd CEO Anil Keshary Shah said it calls for introspection by other commercial banks.
“The merger has a potential to change the landscape of the banking industry. Now, it's up to the rest of the us whether we want to be what we are or compete with bigger banks,” said Shah, who is also a former president of Nepal Bankers Association.
“However, being big, new or old are not the only benchmarks. All banks have their own characteristics. Those who want to grow organic may not go for mergers while others may. Both are right in their own way,” he added.