Caste system is deeply rooted in the Nepali society and has been in practice since ancient times. The caste system has been divided into pure and impure domains based on the life practices. The Tagadharis (thread wearing people) and Matawalis (liquor drinking people) are placed under pure and Dalits or Acchuts (untouchable) are placed under impure castes. Such social stratification was based on the profession they carried which has no meaning and sense in the twenty first century globalized world but created division back then. There is no system of moving Dalits to higher castes despite practicing good Karmas (work) and acquiring better knowledge. This has given space to people from upper castes to suppress Dalits till the date.
Public accountability is the key to any successful government. When the government fails to fulfill public accountability, the opposition political parties take hold of this agenda and pressurize the government to heed to public attention. The role of civil society is crucial at this juncture to warn the government and force it to focus on social justice and public accountability.