COVID-19 was first reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and subsequently spread globally, with the declaration of the pandemic in early March 2020. The first confirmed imported case in Nepal was reported in the 2nd week of January 2020. The initial response of Nepal to COVID-19 was comparably slow but the country geared efforts after it was declared a 'global pandemic' by WHO on 11 March 2020.
The outbreak of COVID-19 has affected the lives of millions of people globally. In December 2019, Chinese public health authorities reported several cases of acute respiratory syndrome in Wuhan. The disease is now called COVID-19, and the causative virus is named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS- CoV-2). It is a replacement strain of coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans.